583) stated that the "University shall have for its design, to provide instruction and thorough and complete education in all departments of science, literature and art, industrial and profession[al] pursuits, and general education, and also special courses of instruction in preparation for the professions... Berkeley faculty, alumni, and researchers have won 72 Nobel Prizes (including 30 alumni Nobel laureates), 9 Wolf Prizes, 13 Fields Medals (including 3 alumni medalists), 22 Turing Awards, 45 Mac Arthur Fellowships, Berkeley is a founding member of the Association of American Universities and continues to have very high research activity with $744 million in research and development expenditures in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014.." Cal co-manages three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories, including the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for the U. In 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus.Because it lacked sufficient funds to operate, it eventually merged with the state-run Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California, the first full-curriculum public university in the state.
In 1917, Berkeley's ROTC program was established, and its School of Military Aeronautics trained future pilots, including Jimmy Doolittle, who graduated with a B. A number of faculty members objected and were dismissed; In 1952, the University of California became an entity separate from the Berkeley campus.
Each campus was given relative autonomy and its own Chancellor.
Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley. In the highly publicized People's Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guard was called in and violence erupted.
In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president. Nimitz established the first Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps unit at Berkeley.
With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings, and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. During World War II, the military increased its presence on campus to recruit more officers, and by 1944, more than 1,000 Berkeley students were enrolled in the V-12 Navy College Training Program and naval training school for diesel engineering.
In 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento, ultimately becoming the University of California, Davis. Along with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (formerly the Radiation Lab), Berkeley is now a partner in managing two other labs, Los Alamos National Laboratory (1943) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1952). Weyand graduated from UC Berkeley's ROTC program, earning B. The Board of Regents ended compulsory military training at Berkeley in 1962.During World War II, following Glenn Seaborg's then-secret discovery of plutonium, Ernest Orlando Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory began to contract with the U. Originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates, and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. During the Mc Carthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath.is a public research university located in Berkeley, California.Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the oldest of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California system.Established in 1868 as the result of the merger of the private College of California and the public Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College in Oakland, Berkeley offers approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines.The Dwinelle Bill of March 5, 1868 (California Assembly Bill No.