Although the traditional timeline of composition may have been taken into account by the shapers of the current New Testament format, it is not nor was it meant to be in strictly chronological order.Though Jesus spoke Aramaic, the New Testament (including the Gospels) was written in Greek because that was the lingua franca of the Roman Empire.
The New Testament ( Greek: Καινή Διαθήκη, Kainē Diathēkē) is the name given to the final portion of the Christian Bible, written after the Hebrew Bible (also called by Jews Tanakh), known to Christians as the Old Testament.
It is sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, or the New Covenant – which is the literal translation of the original Greek. Its 27 books were gradually collected into a single volume over a period of several centuries.
The original texts were written in Koine Greek by various unknown authors after c. The New Testament is a central element of Christianity, and has played a major role in shaping modern Western culture.
Although certain Christian sects differ as to which works are included in the New Testament, the vast majority of denominations have settled on the same twenty-seven book canon (see also, Biblical canon): it consists of the four narratives of Jesus Christ's ministry, called " Gospels"; a narrative of the Apostles' ministries in the early church, which is also a sequel to the third Gospel; twenty-one early letters, commonly called " epistles" in Biblical context, written by various authors and consisted mostly of Christian counsel and instruction; and an Apocalyptic prophecy, which is technically the twenty-second epistle.
They contain very similar accounts of events in Jesus' life.
The Gospel of John stands apart for its unique records of several miracles and sayings of Jesus, not found elsewhere.The book of Acts, also termed Acts of the Apostles or Acts of the Holy Spirit, is a narrative of the Apostles' ministry after Christ's death, which is also a sequel to the third Gospel.Examining style, phraseology, and other evidence, modern scholarship generally concludes that Acts and Luke share the same author.The Pauline epistles (or Corpus Paulinum) constitute those epistles traditionally attributed to Paul, though his authorship is disputed, and in one case (Hebrews) nearly universally rejected (see section on authorship below).Paul appears to have dictated his epistles to scribes, and some specifically mention his habit of appending a salutation in his own handwriting. It is worth noting Revelation is sometimes called The Apocalypse of John.It is also not read or used during church services by the Orthodox church.